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Comprehensive Eye Exams

A comprehensive eye exam is more than just a routine vision test — it could help save your life.

Our eyes are one of the most complex organs in our body and often
show signs of non-eye-related conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, hormone imbalance and brain tumors.  Optometrists are critical, not only for diagnosing eye-related problems, but are essential in early detection of numerous health concerns in the body. Even for adults, whether you wear corrective lenses or not, annual checkups to detect eye complications are highly recommended.

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Did you know?

50% of Canadians have not had an eye exam in 5 years or more.

40% of Canadians in the workplace do not get needed visual aids.

75% of vision loss can be treated or prevented.

What is a Comprehensive Eye Exam

A comprehensive eye exam is performed by an eye doctor, also known as an optometrist, and is the primary source of eye care. Similar to a physical, we look at your entire visual system and ocular health. A comprehensive eye exam provides our optometrists a close-up look at your ocular tissue, blood vessels, nerves and visual pathway, all of which may contain clues to conditions that could pose a serious risk to your health. Depending on your personal health history and other factors, our comprehensive eye examination may include, but is not limited to the following tests: Visual Acuity (eye sight) Test, Binocular Vision Assessment, Ocular Motility Evaluation, Colour Vision Assessment, Pupil Testing, Refractive Error Assessment, Anterior Segment Examination, Dilated Retinal Assessment, Patient Counseling on Refractive Status and Ocular Health, Dry Eye Evaluation, Ocular Aesthetics Consultation, Visual Field Testing and Glaucoma & Age-Related Macular Degeneration Evaluations

If you’ve never had an eye exam before, you might be wondering what to expect.

In a typical comprehensive eye exam, you’ll first undergo vision tests where you’ll be asked to read letters off a chart at a distance to assess how clear your sight is. Your eye doctor will also use various instruments to examine the physical structure of your eyes, checking for any irregularities or signs of health issues.

They may dilate your pupils with special eye drops to get a better look at the internal parts of your eyes, like the retina and optic nerve. You might also go through tests to measure your eye pressure, check your peripheral vision, and evaluate your ability to see colors and depth.

The whole process is non-invasive, generally painless, and provides valuable insights into your eye health and vision needs.

What is the Difference Between a Sight Test and a Comprehensive Eye Exam

Unlike a simple vision screening or sight test, which only assesses your vision, a comprehensive eye exam is a complete evaluation of the health of your eyes & vision.

How Long Does a Comprehensive Eye Exam Take?

Most take between 30 minutes to an hour.

For parents bringing in their children for an eye exam, Real Eyes Optometry is centrally located in Metrotown Mall. Our convenient location includes free, accessible parking and the ability for parents to complete errands without driving all over the city. 
Consider being able to run to a grocery store, make a clothing return, and grab a quick bite, all while your child is having an eye exam. Of course, accompanying your child during their eye exam is always a good idea. For details on how to find and parking click here.

What Should I Bring to my Comprehensive Eye Exam

Comprehensive eye exam

Is a Comprehensive Eye Exam Necessary?

Yes, absolutely. A comprehensive eye exam is the best way to keep your eyes healthy. Your eyes can show signs of tumors, vascular disease, autoimmune disorders, thyroid disease, sickle cell disease, liver disease, Multiple Sclerosis, Parkinson’s disease and other neurological or brain disorders. At Real Eyes Optometry, we provide comprehensive eye exams that help detect general health conditions through an internal examination of your eyes via dilation.

Eye Diseases are Preventable

1 in 7 Canadians will develop a serious eye disease in their life, however, 75% of vision loss is preventable if treated properly.

Catch Fatal Conditions

Routine eye exams help detect potentially life-threatening conditions, like brain tumours, high blood pressure, cholesterol and diabetes.

Your Eyes Change with Age

After 40, you can develop near vision blur. 50s and beyond, your eyeglasses and contact lens prescriptions can change more often.

Child Eye Care

Between ages 2 to 5 years, an eye exam can help find conditions such as lazy eye and eye turn, which can be treated effectively if caught early.

Comprehensive Eye Exam Disease Detection

The most important part of our comprehensive eye exam is your overall eye health evaluation, which includes checking both the internal and external parts of the eye. During your visit, our optometrists will check for a wide range of eye conditions and diseases including the following:

Macular Degeneration

A common eye disorder that occurs in people over 50, impacting part of the retina, causing blurred or reduced central vision.


Elevated eye pressure can damage the optic nerve. This is a leading cause of blindness for people over the age of 60.


Clouding of your eyes internal lens that leads to blurry vision and glare. Can undergo surgery to restore vision in nearly everyone.

Diabetic & Hypertensive Retinopathy

Causes damage to the retina due to poorly controlled blood sugar and pressure which can lead to bleeding inside your eye.

Focusing Ability

Presbyopia is the gradual loss of your eyes ability to focus on near targets. Common in your mid-40’s and worsening until around age 65.

Refractive Conditions

Results in out-of-focus images — primarily myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness), and astigmatism.

Binocularity & Motility

Eye movement and coordination provides the ability to focus on an item with both eyes to create a single image.

Dry Eye Syndrome

When your eyes do not produce or maintain enough tears to keep your eyes lubricated. If untreated, there are long term effects.

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